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NGTS-1b: A new gigantic planet discovered, anchored to a small star

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Scientists from the University of Warwick (United Kingdom) have discovered a gigantic planet that should not exist, according to the models that explain the formation of the planets. The new research, which will be published in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, describes a “monstrous” gaseous plant called NGTS-1b that is larger than expected for the star to which it is anchored by gravity, a weak one dwarf of type M. According to theories, stars can thus “beget” rocky planets but not gaseous planets as large as this, the so-called hot Jupite, objects comparable to this planet of the Solar System.

There is no model that can explain how such a planet could be barely three percent of the distance between Earth and the Sun in the vicinity of such a dwarf star. NGTS-1b weighs 20 percent less than Jupiter and its years barely last 2.6 Earth days. Its star is really small: it has about half the radius and mass of the Sun. In fact, its humble dimensions made astronomers have trouble detecting the planet NGTS-1b, as they did it through transits, that occur when the brightness of the star changes because the planet comes between it and the telescopes. “Despite being a monstrous planet, NGTS-1b was difficult to find because its progenitor star is very small and weak,” said Peter Wheatley, co-author of the study and a researcher at the University of Warwick (United Kingdom).

In science, the models are valid provisionally until there are observations that contradict them. In that sense, this news is not extraordinary. However, the importance of the present study lies in the fact that small M-type stars are the most abundant stars in the Universe, so, “it is very likely that there are many giant plaques still to be discovered,” Wheatley said. Everything indicates that many more will be discovered. NGTS-1b is nothing more than the first planet sighted by the “The Next-Generation Transit Survey” (or NGTS), a large exoplanet tracking program that employs 12 ground-based telescopes and is based on tracking the brightness of thousands of stars for months in search of the darkening caused by the passage of planets in front of them (a moment that is known as transit).

How are exoplanets discovered? On this occasion, the telescopes detected a slight darkening in the star that was repeated every 2.6 days. This, together with the pitch of the star caused by the gravitational pull of the planet, allowed us to calculate its size, position and mass. “The discovery of NGTS-1b was a complete surprise to us: we did not expect such massive planets to exist near such small stars,” Daniel Bayliss, the study’s first author and a researcher at the University of Warwick, said in a statement. “Now our challenge is to discover how frequent are these types of planets in the galaxy, and with the NGTS we are in a good position to achieve it.”

Peter Wheatley, director of the NGTS, whose facilities are in the European Southern Observatory (ESO), in Chile, explained that the current finding is the result of ten years of work: “I look forward to see what other types of planets we can find later »

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1 Comment

1 Comment

  1. sanika joshi

    November 3, 2017 at 3:03 pm

    I didn't get that how the gaint star don't pull the ngts1b

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New Planet

NEW MOONS AROUND JUPITER

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Scientists have found more moons circling Jupiter.
It brings the total number of moons around the giant gas planet to 79, the most of any planet in our solar system.

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Jupiter New Moon

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12 New Moon discovered around jupiter

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Yellowstone volcano Yellowstone Caldera when it could ERUPT JULY 2018

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Yellowstone volcano Yellowstone Caldera when it could ERUPT JULY 2018
On my channel you will find a lot of great news!
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The real story of Nibiru (Planet X) First we go once again back to the creation story of Mesopotamia The SUMERIANS always described their Gods as planets starting with Pluto, then Neptune, Uranus, etc., as if they were seeing the planets from a heavenly body (or spacecraft ?) that was entering our solar system from the outside. The Sumerian seal (below), with the planets Mercury, Venus, Earth, Moon, Mars, Unknown ( about size of Uranus/Neptune), Jupiter, Saturn, Indeterminate (about size of Mercury), Uranus, Neptune, Pluto. The SUMERIANS also mentioned a “twelfth” planet called “NIBIRU”, one whose elliptical orbit brought it close to Earth for a brief period about every 3,600 years.
The Sumerians and later also the Babylonians mention about a long time ago in Ancient times in which Nibiru (Marduk), until that time a stranger in our solar system, had a fight in heaven with Tiamat and Kingu. At that time, millions of years ago, the satellites of Nibiru (Marduk) collapsed with Tiamat (a planet at least two times the mass of Earth) and broke it in 2 parts. In accordance to the theory of Zecharia Sitchin and others, the 2 parts of Tiamat were forced to another orbit around the Sun, one part was broken in small parts and are now called The Asteroid Belt (between Mars and Jupiter) and Asteroids Meteorites and Comets.
The other part was forced into his new orbit between Venus and Mars and became the Earth. Kingu became the Moon of the “new planet” Earth. Nibiru was forced into an elliptical orbit around the Sun and its new orbit was from that time on a cycle of 3,600 years around the Sun. Before I unfold my theory about the timeline of the above events and what happened afterwards I like to honor first the writer of “The Earth Chronicles” Zecharia Sitchin for his great in depth study of the Sumerian and Babylonian history and his theory of which most I agree.
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