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New Planet

First Confirmed Image of Newborn Planet! New Planet Discovered

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SPHERE, a planet-hunting instrument on ESO’s Very Large Telescope, has captured the first confirmed image of a planet caught in the act of forming in the dusty disc surrounding a young star. The young planet is carving a path through the primordial disc of gas and dust around the very young star PDS 70. The data suggest that the planet’s atmosphere is cloudy.

Astronomers led by a group at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy in Heidelberg, Germany have captured a spectacular snapshot of planetary formation around the young dwarf star PDS 70. By using the SPHERE instrument on ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) — one of the most powerful planet-hunting instruments in existence — the international team has made the first robust detection of a young planet, named PDS 70b, cleaving a path through the planet-forming material surrounding the young star [1].

The SPHERE instrument also enabled the team to measure the brightness of the planet at different wavelengths, which allowed properties of its atmosphere to be deduced.

The planet stands out very clearly in the new observations, visible as a bright point to the right of the blackened centre of the image. It is located roughly three billion kilometres from the central star, roughly equivalent to the distance between Uranus and the Sun. The analysis shows that PDS 70b is a giant gas planet with a mass a few times that of Jupiter. The planet’s surface has a temperature of around 1000°C, making it much hotter than any planet in our own Solar System.

The dark region at the centre of the image is due to a coronagraph, a mask which blocks the blinding light of the central star and allows astronomers to detect its much fainter disc and planetary companion. Without this mask, the faint light from the planet would be utterly overwhelmed by the intense brightness of PDS 70.

“These discs around young stars are the birthplaces of planets, but so far only a handful of observations have detected hints of baby planets in them,” explains Miriam Keppler, who lead the team behind the discovery of PDS 70’s still-forming planet. “The problem is that until now, most of these planet candidates could just have been features in the disc.”

The discovery of PDS 70’s young companion is an exciting scientific result that has already merited further investigation. A second team, involving many of the same astronomers as the discovery team, including Keppler, has in the past months followed up the initial observations to investigate PDS 70’s fledgling planetary companion in more detail. They not only made the spectacularly clear image of the planet shown here, but were even able to obtain a spectrum of the planet. Analysis of this spectrum indicated that its atmosphere is cloudy.

PDS 70’s planetary companion has sculpted a transition disc — a protoplanetary disc with a giant “hole” in the centre. These inner gaps have been known about for decades and it has been speculated that they were produced by disc-planet interaction. Now we can see the planet for the first time.

“Keppler’s results give us a new window onto the complex and poorly-understood early stages of planetary evolution,” comments André Müller, leader of the second team to investigate the young planet. “We needed to observe a planet in a young star’s disc to really understand the processes behind planet formation.” By determining the planet’s atmospheric and physical properties, the astronomers are able to test theoretical models of planet formation.

This glimpse of the dust-shrouded birth of a planet was only possible thanks to the impressive technological capabilities of ESO’s SPHERE instrument, which studies exoplanets and discs around nearby stars using a technique known as high-contrast imaging — a challenging feat. Even when blocking the light from a star with a coronagraph, SPHERE still has to use cleverly devised observing strategies and data processing techniques to filter out the signal of the faint planetary companions around bright young stars [2] at multiple wavelengths and epochs.

Thomas Henning, director at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy and leader of the teams, summarises the scientific adventure: “After more than a decade of enormous efforts to build this high-tech machine, now SPHERE enables us to reap the harvest with the discovery of baby planets!”

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36 Comments

36 Comments

  1. Maritha Andersen

    July 3, 2018 at 11:52 am

    how cool is that! I hope this planet can be named Baby..because it IS, and because it's our first observation of a planet's birth <3

  2. 鈴木辰也

    July 3, 2018 at 12:41 pm

    (o´∀`)bこれは快挙だね!素晴らしい!

  3. Roqayyah Abidey

    July 3, 2018 at 3:33 pm

    How successfully fooling world

  4. Sandris Virsis

    July 3, 2018 at 4:08 pm

    Happy birthday first time seen bitches

  5. Asif Khan

    July 3, 2018 at 4:22 pm

    Oh huge galaxy
    And we r prisoner of earth

  6. CREATIVE DUDE

    July 3, 2018 at 5:45 pm

    Happy birthday

  7. Jessie DeVore

    July 3, 2018 at 7:14 pm

    Why do you people watch this acting like its real. Show some real pictures of anything from space that's not been changed.

  8. nigel iloilo

    July 3, 2018 at 7:24 pm

    Pretty much it works as we expected as obvious ballnif dust outcome

  9. Joanie Adams

    July 3, 2018 at 8:18 pm

    how many light years did it take to pull up to the door?

  10. Demon King

    July 3, 2018 at 8:39 pm

    BS computer generated sci-fi

  11. not atrannie

    July 3, 2018 at 10:02 pm

    Look birth of stupidity taking information you can't verify as true , sleep my sheep

  12. John Billings

    July 3, 2018 at 11:41 pm

    Reading at wikipedia and chanced on this. "Thus, once created the two are better thought of as superpositions of two weak eigenstates which have vastly different lifetimes" – wikipedia

  13. Bandicoot

    July 3, 2018 at 11:56 pm

    I'll take it

  14. Ricky Madrid

    July 4, 2018 at 2:39 am

    Almost went blind at the start of this video..

  15. Jack Pullen

    July 4, 2018 at 3:08 am

    So what did you name the baby?

  16. Executive King

    July 4, 2018 at 3:31 am

    Hope we find a oxygen planet tho

  17. Alex B.

    July 4, 2018 at 5:07 am

    Wow there are so many planets, I thought we only had Earth and the other basic planets out there that we mainly knew. I heard about the Kepler planet now this

  18. Boeing T7

    July 4, 2018 at 6:16 am

    Dibs!

  19. Alessia Moretti

    July 4, 2018 at 7:00 am

    Awesome!!!

  20. Alpha Omega

    July 4, 2018 at 8:48 am

    Could it be that what we seeing is millions of years old that the planet is all ready gone or went thru multiple stages like Earth

  21. BeatleJuice

    July 4, 2018 at 10:48 am

    Whoever found that must have been so excited!

  22. FACTZ OVERDOSE

    July 4, 2018 at 11:04 am

    That was a rare found! It's not everyday you get an image of a newborn planet! It's great to think that what looks like a newborn planet in the picture would be fully grown up now, cause of the time taken by the light to travel. But still amazing!

  23. Harsh Reddy Gandavarapu

    July 4, 2018 at 6:17 pm

    Happy Birthday Planet. I name you the Harsh One.

  24. Above In Shadow

    July 4, 2018 at 10:12 pm

    That image was a digital interpretation of the real picture.

  25. Snake Pliskin

    July 5, 2018 at 2:29 am

    I want to travel space like in Treasure Planet w that space ship

  26. enrique Patiño

    July 5, 2018 at 4:41 am

    There is an orange star in the sky, someone see it??

  27. Sir Lord Mr President Trump

    July 5, 2018 at 6:52 am

    What are we? We consider our selves so advanced, yet we are nothing.

  28. Bobby dhillon

    July 5, 2018 at 7:24 am

    So this gone destroy the big bang theory?

  29. Cold Rouse

    July 5, 2018 at 2:03 pm

    This planet is beautiful

  30. Raju Singh

    July 5, 2018 at 5:31 pm

    From which solar system..

  31. Pudding The Toadette

    July 5, 2018 at 8:41 pm

    Thank you Kanye, very cool.

  32. luwak saurs

    July 6, 2018 at 2:02 pm

    happy birthday

  33. Tomek Surowiec

    July 6, 2018 at 3:49 pm

    Amazing video

  34. Δηєร ५Ӡ IdrizosKi

    July 6, 2018 at 7:19 pm

    We are really stupid

  35. Fine Mamey

    July 6, 2018 at 8:01 pm

    I will go there. I promise. I’ve never broken a promise in my life. I will succeed with cryogenics until the day someone found a cure for aging and when that happens I will work hard once again as a mathematician and do my best to get there.

  36. Awang Budiman

    July 6, 2018 at 9:09 pm

    I'll go there this weekend.. who wants to join?

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New Planet

Earth As Seen From Other Planets

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Footage of Earth as seen from other planets:
1.Earth from Saturn
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute
2. Earth from Mars
Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona
3. Earth From beyond Neptune
Credits: NASA / JPL
4. Earth From Mercury
Credits: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington

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New Planet

Mars Before and After Dust Storm

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Side-by-side movies shows how dust has enveloped the Red Planet, courtesy of the Mars Color Imager (MARCI) camera onboard NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO).

The view from May shows Valles Marineris chasms (left), Meridiani center, an autumn dust storm in Acidalia (top) and the early spring south polar cap (bottom). The view from July shows the same regions, but most of the surface was obscured by the planet-encircling dust cloud and haze.

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Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS

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New Planet

The Case With Another Dimension?! – InWin 805i Unboxing

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Hey I just bought a case that has a teleportation device! OMG, going to a new planet today bye!
If only it was that easy, but this case is still really freaking cool.

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