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An Illustrated History of Dinosaurs



Our image of dinosaurs has been constantly changing since naturalists started studying them about 350 years ago. Taken together, these pictures can tell us a whole lot about just how much we have learned. Let’s explore the history of dinosaur science as seen through the history of dinosaur art.

Special thanks to these paleoartists for allowing us to use their work in this video:
Greg Paul:
Doug Henderson:
Gabriel Ugueto:
Nobumichi Tamura:
Emily Willoughby:

Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios:

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Owen, R., & Hawkins, B. W. (1854). Geology and Inhabitants of the ancient World (Vol. 8). Crystal Palace Library.
Leidy, J. (1858). Hadrosaurus foulkii, a new saurian from the Cretaceous of New Jersey. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 10, 215-218.
Cope, E. D. (1866). Discovery of a gigantic dinosaur in the Cretaceous of New Jersey. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 18, 275-279.
Marsh, O. C. (1877). Notice of a new and gigantic dinosaur, Titanosaurus. American Journal of Science, (79), 87-88.

Marsh, O. C. (1879). Notice of new Jurassic reptiles. American Journal of Science, (108), 501-505.
Hatcher, J. B., Osborn, H. F., & Marsh, O. C. (1907). The ceratopsia (Vol. 49). US Government Printing Office.
Marsh, O. C. (1877). A new order of extinct Reptilia (Stegosauria) from the Jurassic of the Rocky Mountains. American Journal of Science, (84), 513-514.

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  1. Russell Solomon

    November 5, 2017 at 1:57 am

    I was that kid in Sunday School at that would always ask the teacher, "But what about the dinosaurs?!?"

  2. Mark Duvall

    November 5, 2017 at 2:25 am

    This might be my new favorite episode — great job, everyone!

  3. Vincent Jack

    November 5, 2017 at 5:21 am

    Hey, Mr Hanks is here! 🙂

  4. Vincent Jack

    November 5, 2017 at 5:35 am

    I am sure we will find dinosaurs in other planets if we can travel great distances out there in the Universe.

  5. Fridas Universum

    November 5, 2017 at 11:37 am

    Check out this amazing dino-art done by the swedish artist Simon Stålenhag. He worked with the scientists at the Swedish Museeum of Natural History to draw theese pictures for an exhibition about dinos at the museeum.

  6. Hobgoblin1975

    November 5, 2017 at 4:27 pm

    Thumbs down for having this piece of $ hit as your host.

  7. warhawkjah

    November 5, 2017 at 4:50 pm

    I'm glad I'm not the only one who thought that thing looked like a nutsack.

  8. carsino2001

    November 6, 2017 at 12:23 am

    So basically i learned nothing new becuase we just dont know what they were like making a fact in the present be diffrwnt 20 years from now

  9. Reckless Roges

    November 6, 2017 at 3:10 pm

    11:40 "as long as dinosaurs remain extinct" sounds like someone was been watching a little too much Jurassic Park 😉

  10. spiderlime

    November 6, 2017 at 6:23 pm

    pardon me but since the scientific term dinosaur first appeared in 1840, and the science of paleontology began to be formed in 1790' earlier attempts at figuring out fossils do not nessecarily count as studies of dinosaurs, since nobody knew what they were

  11. Abbie Brockhurst

    November 6, 2017 at 10:19 pm

    My uncle discovered the bone of the smallest dinosaur ever… then kept it in his drawer for years -_-

  12. Laurence Kim

    November 7, 2017 at 1:33 am

    John Gurche FTW.

  13. Lucifer

    November 7, 2017 at 1:00 pm

    I really like this channel.

  14. yeah right

    November 7, 2017 at 2:49 pm

    wtf Hank? what are you doing here?? not that i didnt like the presentation but you know….

  15. thedoctorzeus

    November 7, 2017 at 6:16 pm

    The evolution of dinosaur art is a lie! It's simply artistic adaptation.

  16. Mark DeRidder

    November 7, 2017 at 10:12 pm

    Awesome video! But I feel Jurassic Park should be highlighted for its transformative power on the general public's perception of how dinosaurs looked and moved. Before 1993 I remember thinking t-rex walked upright. The more bird-like postures and movements in JP really made those dinos feel fresh and real to audiences.

  17. Cobalt Dovii

    November 8, 2017 at 12:04 am

    My friend tried to argue with me that non avian dinosaurs never existed because the Bible never mentioned them………… poor brain washed creationist ('_')

  18. david garcia

    November 8, 2017 at 6:19 am

    I…love…this…channel. Avian-Dinosaurs are the only dinos that we can at least see.

  19. From Scratch Aunty Bindy

    November 8, 2017 at 4:16 pm

    I can hear from the ouji board the Dino's shouting "Imagine us complexly god dang it!" Lol
    Loved this epi – thanks guys!

  20. Take 10

    November 9, 2017 at 5:11 am

    That was a great ride! Thanks for the run up though science and art at the same time

  21. Bruno F. Vascontim

    November 10, 2017 at 9:36 pm

    Eons was a great finding, best channel i found in a long time. Awesome video!

  22. Theo Dennis

    November 11, 2017 at 3:33 pm

    6:06 thats the academy of natural sciences in philly, right?

  23. Mike Toth

    November 11, 2017 at 5:40 pm

    when did we realize that dinosaurs were extinct by one big event rather than they being bad at existing gradually

  24. Mario De Martino

    November 11, 2017 at 7:05 pm

    Could you do a video about the speed of dinosaur? Like, how fast did most species of every family moved, what was their stamina ecc. Please i would love you too

  25. Allan Palmer

    November 12, 2017 at 11:35 am

    Owen always is credited as commissioning the statues, but he was 2nd choice to Mantell, who declined the offer to advise the sculptures due to his poor health. Owen, although brilliant, was a con man and a ruthless ass.

  26. R Z

    November 12, 2017 at 8:03 pm

    Never existed

  27. Dang Le

    November 13, 2017 at 7:54 am

    I just found this channel. I've been binge watching like there was no tomorrow. It's like being a twelve year old again

  28. Bojack horseman

    November 13, 2017 at 10:02 pm

    Where could I go to help with this , like on a dig lol

  29. G M

    November 16, 2017 at 8:16 am

    Could you make a video about the fossils found in the Antarctic?

  30. Karter Merrill

    November 20, 2017 at 12:36 am

    I would like to know what was the deadliest dinosaur?

  31. Sourav Sarkar

    November 20, 2017 at 2:52 pm

    At last somebody takes about us …..

  32. William Kirk

    November 22, 2017 at 3:47 am

    Thank you.

  33. Bota Tobias

    November 22, 2017 at 5:44 pm

    In some parallel reality, the things are swapped, and we have all the dinos, trilobites, old mammals, while the pigeon is something like a T-rex in popularity.

  34. Quiz

    November 23, 2017 at 6:13 am

    Really cool series so far. How about doing an episode on the history of fish? They've been here forever and everyone sees them as lesser animals.

  35. Daniel Inskip

    November 23, 2017 at 1:40 pm

    There will always be a little part of them that well just have to imagine for ourselves.

    John Hammond: Hold my beer

  36. Sean Kimiecik

    November 23, 2017 at 11:40 pm

    C'mon PBS, the history of the history of something is called Historiography, don't tell me yr gonna tell me the history of the history of studying dinosaurs. That's the historiography of studying dinosaurs.

  37. Axel Salas

    November 24, 2017 at 5:35 am

    God, I love this.

  38. sofaking onmynuts

    November 24, 2017 at 8:21 am

    The last sentence in the video sums up what we all have in common, imagination.
    Imagination is why most of us are here, when i think about a dinosaur, i see feathers, leathery skin and scales, heck i even see dinosaurs with polka dots because a teacher once said "they could have polks dots." Dinosaurs are a part of our mythology that we can see, study and find in the dirt below us, the very dirt everything we know and love came from.

  39. TheKeithvidz

    November 25, 2017 at 9:11 pm


  40. John von Shepard

    November 26, 2017 at 5:09 pm

    9:09 OMG SPOILER!!

  41. Tiago Martins Lacerda

    November 28, 2017 at 10:23 pm

    Were are the feders?

  42. NerdyGeeky

    December 2, 2017 at 2:10 pm

    These videos are incredibly relaxing

  43. Connor Stein

    December 3, 2017 at 4:25 am

    I love all the feathers honestly

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Breakthrough Science

The Cancer Breakthrough We Were All Waiting For




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*This video was not made by medical professionals and should NOT be taken as medical advice.

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Breakthrough Science

A Disease’s Guide to World Domination




Get 3 weeks of free access to CuriosityStream by visiting and using the promo code “minute”

There’s something surprising that helps determine how damaging a disease is: distance.

Thanks also to our Patreon patrons and our YouTube sponsors.


To learn more, start your googling with these keywords:
Direct transmission: occurs when a pathogen is transmitted to a new host by physical or close contact
Virulence: the degree of damage a pathogen causes its host

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Credits (and Twitter handles):
Script Writer: Kate Yoshida (@KateYoshida)
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With Contributions From: Henry Reich, Emily Elert, Peter Reich, David Goldenberg
Music by: Nathaniel Schroeder:



Blanquart, F., et al. (2016). A transmission-virulence evolutionary trade-off explains attenuation of HIV-1 in Uganda. Elife 5: 5.

de Roode, J.C., Yates, A.J., & Altizer, S. (2008). Virulence-transmission trade-offs and population divergence in virulence in a naturally occurring butterfly parasite. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 105: 7489-7494

Ewald, P.W. (1983). Host-parasite relations, vectors, and the evolution of disease severity. Annual Reviews Ecology & Systematics 14: 465-485

Ewald, P.W. (1991). Waterborne transmission and the evolution of virulence among gastrointestinal bacteria. Epidemiology & Infection 106: 83-119.

Ewald, P.W. (1991). Transmission modes and the evolution of virulence: with special reference to cholera, influenza, and AIDS. Human Nature 2: 1-30.

Galvani, A.P. (2003) Epidemiology meets evolutionary ecology. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 18: 132-139.

Lipsitch, M. & Moxon, E.R. (1997). Virulence and transmissibility of pathogens: what is the relationship? Trends in Microbiology 5: 31-37.

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Breakthrough Science

Space Science TV : Breakthrough of the Year 2017




2017 REWIND………

2017 is going to end soon here is a video of Space Science TV on special 2017 events related to SPACE and Science

hope you will enjoy the video

subscribe to my channel

|||| HAPPY NEW YEAR ||||

(inspired by beebom)*

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