Connect with us

Breakthrough Science

An Illustrated History of Dinosaurs

Published

on



Our image of dinosaurs has been constantly changing since naturalists started studying them about 350 years ago. Taken together, these pictures can tell us a whole lot about just how much we have learned. Let’s explore the history of dinosaur science as seen through the history of dinosaur art.

Special thanks to these paleoartists for allowing us to use their work in this video:
Greg Paul:
Doug Henderson:
Gabriel Ugueto:
Nobumichi Tamura:
Emily Willoughby:

Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios:

Want to follow Eons elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook –
Twitter –
Instagram –

References:

Owen, R., & Hawkins, B. W. (1854). Geology and Inhabitants of the ancient World (Vol. 8). Crystal Palace Library.
Leidy, J. (1858). Hadrosaurus foulkii, a new saurian from the Cretaceous of New Jersey. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 10, 215-218.
Cope, E. D. (1866). Discovery of a gigantic dinosaur in the Cretaceous of New Jersey. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 18, 275-279.
Marsh, O. C. (1877). Notice of a new and gigantic dinosaur, Titanosaurus. American Journal of Science, (79), 87-88.

Marsh, O. C. (1879). Notice of new Jurassic reptiles. American Journal of Science, (108), 501-505.
Hatcher, J. B., Osborn, H. F., & Marsh, O. C. (1907). The ceratopsia (Vol. 49). US Government Printing Office.
Marsh, O. C. (1877). A new order of extinct Reptilia (Stegosauria) from the Jurassic of the Rocky Mountains. American Journal of Science, (84), 513-514.

Continue Reading
43 Comments

43 Comments

  1. Russell Solomon

    November 5, 2017 at 1:57 am

    I was that kid in Sunday School at that would always ask the teacher, "But what about the dinosaurs?!?"

  2. Mark Duvall

    November 5, 2017 at 2:25 am

    This might be my new favorite episode — great job, everyone!

  3. Vincent Jack

    November 5, 2017 at 5:21 am

    Hey, Mr Hanks is here! 🙂

  4. Vincent Jack

    November 5, 2017 at 5:35 am

    I am sure we will find dinosaurs in other planets if we can travel great distances out there in the Universe.

  5. Fridas Universum

    November 5, 2017 at 11:37 am

    Check out this amazing dino-art done by the swedish artist Simon Stålenhag. He worked with the scientists at the Swedish Museeum of Natural History to draw theese pictures for an exhibition about dinos at the museeum. http://www.simonstalenhag.se/paleo.html

  6. Hobgoblin1975

    November 5, 2017 at 4:27 pm

    Thumbs down for having this piece of $ hit as your host.

  7. warhawkjah

    November 5, 2017 at 4:50 pm

    I'm glad I'm not the only one who thought that thing looked like a nutsack.

  8. carsino2001

    November 6, 2017 at 12:23 am

    So basically i learned nothing new becuase we just dont know what they were like making a fact in the present be diffrwnt 20 years from now

  9. Reckless Roges

    November 6, 2017 at 3:10 pm

    11:40 "as long as dinosaurs remain extinct" sounds like someone was been watching a little too much Jurassic Park 😉

  10. spiderlime

    November 6, 2017 at 6:23 pm

    pardon me but since the scientific term dinosaur first appeared in 1840, and the science of paleontology began to be formed in 1790' earlier attempts at figuring out fossils do not nessecarily count as studies of dinosaurs, since nobody knew what they were

  11. Abbie Brockhurst

    November 6, 2017 at 10:19 pm

    My uncle discovered the bone of the smallest dinosaur ever… then kept it in his drawer for years -_-

  12. Laurence Kim

    November 7, 2017 at 1:33 am

    John Gurche FTW.

  13. Lucifer

    November 7, 2017 at 1:00 pm

    I really like this channel.

  14. yeah right

    November 7, 2017 at 2:49 pm

    wtf Hank? what are you doing here?? not that i didnt like the presentation but you know….

  15. thedoctorzeus

    November 7, 2017 at 6:16 pm

    The evolution of dinosaur art is a lie! It's simply artistic adaptation.

  16. Mark DeRidder

    November 7, 2017 at 10:12 pm

    Awesome video! But I feel Jurassic Park should be highlighted for its transformative power on the general public's perception of how dinosaurs looked and moved. Before 1993 I remember thinking t-rex walked upright. The more bird-like postures and movements in JP really made those dinos feel fresh and real to audiences.

  17. Cobalt Dovii

    November 8, 2017 at 12:04 am

    My friend tried to argue with me that non avian dinosaurs never existed because the Bible never mentioned them………… poor brain washed creationist ('_')

  18. david garcia

    November 8, 2017 at 6:19 am

    I…love…this…channel. Avian-Dinosaurs are the only dinos that we can at least see.

  19. From Scratch Aunty Bindy

    November 8, 2017 at 4:16 pm

    I can hear from the ouji board the Dino's shouting "Imagine us complexly god dang it!" Lol
    Loved this epi – thanks guys!

  20. Take 10

    November 9, 2017 at 5:11 am

    That was a great ride! Thanks for the run up though science and art at the same time

  21. Bruno F. Vascontim

    November 10, 2017 at 9:36 pm

    Eons was a great finding, best channel i found in a long time. Awesome video!

  22. Theo Dennis

    November 11, 2017 at 3:33 pm

    6:06 thats the academy of natural sciences in philly, right?

  23. Mike Toth

    November 11, 2017 at 5:40 pm

    when did we realize that dinosaurs were extinct by one big event rather than they being bad at existing gradually

  24. Mario De Martino

    November 11, 2017 at 7:05 pm

    Could you do a video about the speed of dinosaur? Like, how fast did most species of every family moved, what was their stamina ecc. Please i would love you too

  25. Allan Palmer

    November 12, 2017 at 11:35 am

    Owen always is credited as commissioning the statues, but he was 2nd choice to Mantell, who declined the offer to advise the sculptures due to his poor health. Owen, although brilliant, was a con man and a ruthless ass.

  26. R Z

    November 12, 2017 at 8:03 pm

    Never existed

  27. Dang Le

    November 13, 2017 at 7:54 am

    I just found this channel. I've been binge watching like there was no tomorrow. It's like being a twelve year old again

  28. Bojack horseman

    November 13, 2017 at 10:02 pm

    Where could I go to help with this , like on a dig lol

  29. G M

    November 16, 2017 at 8:16 am

    Could you make a video about the fossils found in the Antarctic?

  30. Karter Merrill

    November 20, 2017 at 12:36 am

    I would like to know what was the deadliest dinosaur?

  31. Sourav Sarkar

    November 20, 2017 at 2:52 pm

    At last somebody takes about us …..

  32. William Kirk

    November 22, 2017 at 3:47 am

    Thank you.

  33. Bota Tobias

    November 22, 2017 at 5:44 pm

    In some parallel reality, the things are swapped, and we have all the dinos, trilobites, old mammals, while the pigeon is something like a T-rex in popularity.

  34. Quiz

    November 23, 2017 at 6:13 am

    Really cool series so far. How about doing an episode on the history of fish? They've been here forever and everyone sees them as lesser animals.

  35. Daniel Inskip

    November 23, 2017 at 1:40 pm

    There will always be a little part of them that well just have to imagine for ourselves.

    John Hammond: Hold my beer

  36. Sean Kimiecik

    November 23, 2017 at 11:40 pm

    C'mon PBS, the history of the history of something is called Historiography, don't tell me yr gonna tell me the history of the history of studying dinosaurs. That's the historiography of studying dinosaurs.

  37. Axel Salas

    November 24, 2017 at 5:35 am

    God, I love this.

  38. sofaking onmynuts

    November 24, 2017 at 8:21 am

    The last sentence in the video sums up what we all have in common, imagination.
    Imagination is why most of us are here, when i think about a dinosaur, i see feathers, leathery skin and scales, heck i even see dinosaurs with polka dots because a teacher once said "they could have polks dots." Dinosaurs are a part of our mythology that we can see, study and find in the dirt below us, the very dirt everything we know and love came from.

  39. TheKeithvidz

    November 25, 2017 at 9:11 pm

    subbed

  40. John von Shepard

    November 26, 2017 at 5:09 pm

    9:09 OMG SPOILER!!

  41. Tiago Martins Lacerda

    November 28, 2017 at 10:23 pm

    Were are the feders?

  42. NerdyGeeky

    December 2, 2017 at 2:10 pm

    These videos are incredibly relaxing

  43. Connor Stein

    December 3, 2017 at 4:25 am

    I love all the feathers honestly

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Breakthrough Science

Genome Sequencing for Pathogen Discovery – Joseph DeRisi (UCSF, HHMI)

Published

on

By


For decades, a strange neurological disease has plagued snakes around the world. The snakes tie themselves into knots, exhibit strange behaviors, and eventually die. In this talk, Dr. Joseph DeRisi describes how his lab uncovered the mysterious agent responsible for this disease, which turned out to be an ancient arenavirus.

About the speaker:
Joseph DeRisi, PhD., is a professor at the University of California, San Francisco, chair of the department of Biochemistry and Biophysics and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator. Dr. DeRisi was one of the early pioneers of DNA microarray technology and whole genome expression profiling and is nationally recognized for his efforts to make this technology accessible and freely available. His lab has identified putative disease-causing viruses in a wide variety of animals, including humans. Dr. DeRisi was named a MacArthur fellow in 2004, and was awarded the Heinz Award in 2008 and the John J. Carty Award from the National Academy of Sciences in 2014.

Continue Reading

Breakthrough Science

“Algorand: A Better Distributed Ledger,” with Silvio Micali

Published

on

By



Title: Algorand: A Better Distributed Ledger
Date: 10/13/17
Speaker: Silvio Micali

Abstract
A distributed ledger is a tamperproof sequence of data that can be read and augmented by everyone. Distributed ledgers stand to revolutionize the way a democratic society operates. They secure all kinds of traditional transactions—such as payments, asset transfers, titling—in the exact order in which they occur; and enable totally new transactions—such as cryptocurrencies and smart contracts. They can remove intermediaries and usher in a new paradigm for trust. As currently implemented, however, distributed ledgers cannot achieve their enormous potential.

Algorand is an alternative, democratic, and efficient distributed ledger. Unlike prior ledgers based on “proof of work,” it dispenses with “miners.” Indeed, Algorand requires only a negligible amount of computation. Moreover, its transaction history does not “fork” with overwhelming probability: i.e., Algorand guarantees the finality of all transactions.

Presenter
Silvio Micali
Faculty at MIT and ACM A.M. Turing Award Winner
Silvio Micali recieved his Laurea in Mathematics from the University of Rome, and his Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of California at Berkeley. Since 1983, he has been on the faculty of the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department at MIT.

Silvio’s research interests are cryptography, zero knowledge, pseudo-random generation, secure protocols, mechanism design, and distributed ledgers.

Silvio is the recipient of the ACM A.M. Turing Award (in computer science), the Gödel Prize (in theoretical computer science), and the RSA prize (in cryptography). He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and of the Academia dei Lincei.

Moderator
Stephen Ibaraki
Venture Capitalist, Serial Entrepreneur, Investor, and Co-Chair of the ACM Practitioners Board
With more than 100 top executive roles, global lifetime achievement and innovation awards and recognitions, a few of executive chairman and serial entrepreneur Stephen Ibaraki’s positions include: Co-Chair of the ACM Practitioners Board; Founding Chair of the Global Industry Council and Vice-Chair IP3 IFIP Board; top 5 blogger IDG-IT World (Canada); Founding Managing Partner at REDDS Venture Investment Partners; Founder of the technology advisory board at Yintech Investment Holdings Ltd.; Founding Chairman for outreach of the UN ITU ICT Discovery Journal; Founding Chair-Moderator/Keynote/Organizer for UN ITU AI events, ITU UN Briefing New York; Founder, Founding Chairman for Outreach, Founding Member of the Steering Committee for the seminal UN ITU AI for Good Global Summit with XPRIZE Foundation; keynote at the International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE Austin USA); Founding Chairman of the Technology Advisory Council Financial Services Roundtable FinTech Ideas Festival (FSR: 92.7 trillion managed assets, 1.2 trillion annual revenue); Invited Advisor to a board within IEEE; 14 Microsoft Most Valuable Professional Global Awards, 3 Global Gold Awards and 3 Founding Fellow Awards. Other roles include nominated Founding Fellow, Past Board Chair and President of the government-chartered Canadian Information Processing Society (CIPS).

Continue Reading

Breakthrough Science

LIVE: National Geographic The Universe | UFO Sightings Alien | Space Discovery Documentary 2017

Published

on

By



LIVE: National Geographic The Universe | UFO Sightings Alien | Space Discovery Documentary 2017

Continue Reading
New Planet7 days ago

PHYSICIST’S REPORT 102: PLANET X APPEARS IN RECENT STEREO IMAGE

New Planet1 week ago

New Interesting video Planet Saturn

New Planet1 week ago

PLANET X RESEARCH – HOUSE OF THE RISING 2 SUNS 12/4/17

New Planet1 week ago

Nibiru Mysterious Planet entered our solar system and X Over Chicago Sky, It is coming!

New Planet1 week ago

PLANET X IS CLEAR, YOU CAN SEE IT NOW, IT’S COMING 16th DEC 2017! SHOCKING Strange Proof in Sky

New Planet2 weeks ago

Planet X US Navy Whistleblowers Say Nibiru is Incoming – Nasa confirm 4th Dec 2017

New Planet2 weeks ago

New Productions : The Most Powerful Fighter Plane on the Planet (USAF)

New Planet2 weeks ago

*SUPER RED GIANT PLANET***NEW AGE:SUPER GIANT PLANETS**

New Planet3 weeks ago

Alien Warning Message Live on TV Planet X Nibiru will Destroy Everything on 28th Novemberber 2017

New Planet3 weeks ago

Planet X 25th November 2017 Discovering NASA’s New Secret About A Strange, Explosive Airborne Planet

New Planet3 weeks ago

How the Universe Works | The Oldest Planet in The Universe | Space Discovery Documentary 2017

New Planet3 weeks ago

NIBIRU PLANET X Update Today 24th November 2017, MUST WATCH

New Planet3 weeks ago

*LIVE*OUR NEW SOLAR SYSTEM*NEW PLANETS 2017

Breakthrough Science4 weeks ago

Genome Sequencing for Pathogen Discovery – Joseph DeRisi (UCSF, HHMI)

Medical Discovery4 weeks ago

Our Holographic Universe Will be the Greatest Discovery of All Time l Update Prophecy TV

New Planet4 weeks ago

Temperate Planet Found Orbiting Quiet Red Dwarf

New Planet4 weeks ago

Nasa’s Urgent Warning Nov 16th 2017! Nibiru confirm Planet X Hitting Earth,We Can’t Help You

New Planet4 weeks ago

New Earth Like Planet Discovered and May Be Good for Alien Life

New Planet4 weeks ago

NEW Planet Discovered | Temperate Planet Orbiting Quiet Red Dwarf 4K UHD | ESOcast 137 Light

New Planet4 weeks ago

NEW Planet Ross 128 b | Flying Through the Ross 128 Planetary System

New Planet3 weeks ago

*LIVE*OUR NEW SOLAR SYSTEM*NEW PLANETS 2017

New Planet3 weeks ago

NIBIRU PLANET X Update Today 24th November 2017, MUST WATCH

New Planet3 weeks ago

Alien Warning Message Live on TV Planet X Nibiru will Destroy Everything on 28th Novemberber 2017

New Planet4 weeks ago

Temperate Planet Found Orbiting Quiet Red Dwarf

New Planet3 weeks ago

Planet X 25th November 2017 Discovering NASA’s New Secret About A Strange, Explosive Airborne Planet

New Planet2 weeks ago

*SUPER RED GIANT PLANET***NEW AGE:SUPER GIANT PLANETS**

New Planet4 weeks ago

Planet X Nibiru 17th NOV 2017! SHOCKING Strange Proof in Sky, Catastrophe is Closer than You Think

New Planet2 weeks ago

New Productions : The Most Powerful Fighter Plane on the Planet (USAF)

New Planet1 week ago

PLANET X IS CLEAR, YOU CAN SEE IT NOW, IT’S COMING 16th DEC 2017! SHOCKING Strange Proof in Sky

New Age Tech4 weeks ago

Tesla Unveils New Roadster

New Planet3 weeks ago

How the Universe Works | The Oldest Planet in The Universe | Space Discovery Documentary 2017

New Planet2 weeks ago

Planet X US Navy Whistleblowers Say Nibiru is Incoming – Nasa confirm 4th Dec 2017

Trending